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21 Nov
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Commonly used but rarely understood socio-political terms

BY SILIGURI TIMES CORRESPONDENT Jan 26, 2017

Republic: A country, or a government which is organized with a form of government in which power lies in the hands of elected individuals representing the residents. The elected government leaders exercise power in accordance to the law of the country. In modern times, the definition of a republic commonly refers to a government which excludes a monarch.

So who is a monarch and what is a monarchy?

Monarchy: A form of government in which a group, usually a family called the dynasty, represents the country’s national identity and one of its members, called the monarch (aka king), exercises supreme authority. Traditionally and in most cases, the monarch’s post is inherited and lasts until death.

Democracy is the opposite of Monarchy. And what is a Democracy?

Democracy: A system of government in which the citizens exercise power directly or elect representatives from among themselves to form a governing body, such as a parliament which functions with the sole motive of public welfare. Therefore, the famous phrase – for the people, by the people, of the people, is used to describe democracy.

A democracy is generally a secular and a sovereign state.

Secularism: The principle of separation of the government from religious institutions. The basics of this principle is that every citizen of the country has the right to believe in and practice any religion of his/her choice, provided that he/she behaves according to the laws of the country.

Sovereign State: A country with a defined territory that administers its own government and is not  dependent on another government. It is a country having a permanent population, defined territory, one government, and the capacity to enter into relations with other sovereign states.

With this we expect that now, after reading this article, you understand the Indian government system better.

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